Carpentry Terms

Carpentry terms can be a complicated and confusing at times here is a small glossary of carpentry terms that will help every carpenter expand their experience in basic carpentry.

Acoustical board—material used to control or deaden sound

Actual sith—the size of lumber after it has been surfaced

Admixture--material used in concrete or mortar to produce special gualitios

Aggregate—materials, such as sand, rock, and gravel, mod to make concrete

Air-dried lumber—lumber that has been seasoned by drying in the air

Anchor—a device used to fasten structural mem­bers in place

Annular ring—the rings seen when viewing a cross-section of a tree trunk; each ring consti­tutes one year of tree growth

Apprentice—a beginner who serves foes stated pe­riod of time to learn e trade

Apron—a piece of the window trim used under the stool

Arbor—a shaft on which circular saw blades am inserted

Areaway—below-grade, scatted area around base­ment windows

Asphalt felt—a building paper saturated with as­phalt for waterproofing

Astragal—a semicircular molding often used to cover a joint between doens

Awning window—a type of window in which the sthli are hinged at the top and swing outward

Bacls band—molding applied around the sides and tops of windom and more

Back-bevel —a bevel on the edge or end of stock to­ward the back side

Backing—strips or blocks installed in walls or ceil­ings for the purpose of fastening or supporting trim or fixtures

Backing the hip—beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces

Back miter—an angle cut starting from the end and coming back on the face of the stock

Backset—the distance an object is set back from an edge, side, or end of stock, such as the distance a hinge is set back from the edge of a door

Backsplash—a raised portion on the back edge of a countertop to protect the wall

Balloon frame—a type of frame in which the studs are continuous from foundation to roof.

Baluster—vertical members of a stair rail usually decorative and spaced closely together

Balustrade—the entire stair rail assembly, inc/uding handrail, balusters, and posts

Baseboard—finish board used to cover the joint at the intersection of wall and floor

Base cap—a molding applied to the top edge of the baseboard

Base shoe—a molding applied between the base­board and floor

Batten—a thin, narrow strip usually used to cover joints between vertical boards

Batter board—a temporary framesvork erected to hold the stretched lines Of a building layout

Bay window—a window. usually three-sided, which projects out from the wall line

Bearer—horikontal members of a wood scaffold that support scaffold plank

Bearing partition—an interior wall that supports the floor above

Bedding—filling of mortar, putty, or similar sub­stance used to se-urea firrn bearing, as in a bed of putty for glass panes

Benchmark—a reference point for determining ele­vations during the construction of a building

More carpentry terms

Bevel—the sloping edge or side of a piece with the angle between not a right angle

Bird's mouth—e notch out in the underside of a raker to fit on top of the wall plate

Blind joint—a type of joint in which thethts do not go all the way through

Blind nail—a method of fastening that conceals the luths

Blind stop—part of a window finish applied just in­side the exterior casing

Board—lumber usually 8 inches or more in width and less than 2 inchn thick

Board foot—a board that measures 1 foot square and 1 inch thick or any equivalent lumber volume

More carpentry terms are coming in the near future. Stay tuned for more  basic carpentry tips.