Repairing drywall can be a difficult task but with these 4 basic carpentry tips you may have blast doing it. The detailed information below is for minor holes or cracks in drywall.
1. Cutting away frayed surface paper. Use a utility knife to trim off any loose, frayed or bunched paper around the damaged area of drywall (above). Keep your free hand away from the blade or. if you must use both hands, wear work gloves for protection
2. Roughening the damaged surface. To ensure a firm grip for the filler, roughen the inside and edges of the damaged drywall with coarse sandpaper (above). Any surface paper in the damaged area should be well scuffed. Brush away loose particles.
3 Filling the damaged area. Dampen the sanded area with a moist sponge to help limit shrinkage of the patching material. Spackling compound, a good filler for minor repairs, shrinks very little and is available premixed in small tubs: drywall joint compound is excellent for shallow defects. Pack the filler into the damaged area with a flexible 2-inch knife (above), working from the center to the outside edges, until the patch is flush with the undamaged surface. Then sweep the knife out across the undamaged surface in broad, smooth passes. scraping off excess compound.
4. Finishing the surface. Most fillers shrink as they dry, leaving cracks or depressions that require a second coat. To help this next application adhere, lightly score the surface of the first coat before it dries, using the tip of the knife blade (above). Let the repair dry overnight. Apply a second coat, using a putty knife with a blade wide enough to cover the repair in one pass (inset). Once the final coat is dry, smooth the patch with medium-grit sandpaper on a sanding block and brush off the dust. Seal the repair with primer.