Carpentry Tool Belt Sander
by Frank Drebin
The Belt Sander is a great carpentry tool that every carpenter should have in his shop here are some details that I have on the belt sander there will be more to come soon.
Of all woodworking chores, the one we most likely want to get through as quickly and efficiently as possible, is sanding—whether it is getting a new project to the point where finishing coats can be applied, or preparing an existing project for a new look. Portable electric tools like the belt sander and The pad sander provide the means of achieving professional results with minimum fuss and effort. There are two words that can be used to describe the belt sander—tough and fast. It's a super tool for rapid, heavy stock removal. Getting an even. smooth surface on a slab that you can use as a bench or table is one of the impressive belt- sander applications. It is often used to strip old pointer varnish, and with a proper choice of abrasive belt, you can use it on non-wood materials like plaster, slate, plastics, marble, and metals.
But it's more than a smoothing tool. For example, you will find yourself using it for jobs like removing a smidgen of material from the edge of a door suit will close properly. forming a bevel on a door's edge. or removing excess material on a wood connection. Many times, a joint is deliberately CUT so one part will extend mom than it should: a rabbet for example, is often cut wider than necessary and the belt sander is used to sand the projection
perfectly flush after the parts have been assembled.
Other joints that are treated in similar fashion are the through mortise and dovetails. Dowels used to hide screws or to reinforce joints are quickly sanded flush with a belt sander.
Some manufacturers offer accessories so the portable belt sander can be secured in an upright or horizontal position and used as a stationary unit.
The belt sander drives a continuous loop of coated abrasive over drums or "pulleys". as they are sometimes called, that are located at each end of the machine. One drum. at the rear of the tool, is powered by the motor, usually through a system of reduction gears. The second drum, spring-loaded suit can provide correct belt tension, runs free and has a slight adjustable swivel action that is used to keep the belt tracking correctly over the drums. This has been a manual operation. but some modern units like the one in incorporate a system that automatically keeps the belt tracking correctly. It's quite a nice feature since tracking usually requires some attention while the tool is working.
All of the abrasive belt works, of course, but the area that actually contacts the work is determined by the size of the platen or "shoe" on the bottom of the tool. This is usually 3" or 4" wide, but platen width is not the only consideration. A 4" x 4" platen doesn't provide much more contact surface than one measuring 3" x 5", but many users find that the broader surface makes the tool easier to control, especially on wide, flat surfaces. Check out more of my pages on the belt sander and how it works by me Mr Sander