There is a wide variety of carpentry nails, styles and sizes that makes it possible to choose exactly the right fastener for each job. In basic carpentry nails are identified by their typical purpose, such as casing, flooring or roofing nails: or by a physical feature, such as galvanized, coated or spiral. Some nails come in both galvanized and non-galvanized versions. Galvanized nails are used for outdoor projects and non-galvanized nails are used for indoor projects. Inches and numbers from 4 to 60 followed by the letter D, which stand for penny, specify nail lengths.
Here are some carpentry tips for the most popular nails for carpentry projects include:
Common and box nails for general framing work. Box nails are smaller in diameter, which makes them less likely to split wood. Box nails are designed for construction boxes and crates, but they can be used in any application where thin, dry wood will be nailed close to the edge of the piece. Most common or box nails have a cement or vinyl coating that improves their holding power.
Finish and casing nails, have small heads and are driven below the wood surface with a nail set. Finish nails are used for attaching trim and moldings to walls. Casing nails are used for nailing window and door casing. They have a slightly larger head than finish nails for better holding power.
Brad small-wired nails- sometimes referred to as finish nails. They are used primarily in cabinetry, where very small nail holes are preferred
Flooring nails, which are often spiral-shanked for extra holding power to prevent floorboards form separating and squeaking. Spiral flooring nails are sometimes used in other applications such as installing tongue-and groove paneling on ceilings.
Galvanized nails, which have a zinc coating and resists rusting. They are used for outdoor projects.
Sheetrock nails, once the standard fastner for sheetrock, now are less common today because of the development of Phillips-head sheetrock screws that drive quickly with a screw gun or drill they offer superior holding power.
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