Framing Doors And Window Carpentry Tips
by Darrel Hicks
(North Dakota )
More framing doors and window carpentry tips I hope that you can use them enjoy
Framing a door
The kind of framing required for a door depends on the nature and function of the wall. If it is not a load-bearing partition wall, a pair of 2-x.4 pieces, edge-up, will act as an adequate -header" across the top. However, if the wall is a part of an addition to the house and must support part of the load of the thaw or roof above, a much heavier header (usually paired 2-x-8 pieces) must be used above the door opening, with die framing lilted as is shown at the right. Your local building code will specify the height of the header to use in most cases.
The purpose of the doubled studs at the header ends is to assure positive support for the header, which, in turn, supports the floor or roof above, by means of the short intervening studs resting on it. Doubled studs are also used on each side of the door opening to prevent vibration from door closing. The sole of the framing dues not extend across the bottom of the door opening. Base the overall door-opening dimensions on the size, the actual door and trim that are to he used, allow for the clearances dun are recommended by the manufacturer.
Framing a window
Framing window methods for window openings follow the same rules as those tor framing a door. As most windows (except for kitchen pass-through openings) arc in outside walls, they arc more often involved with structural support. In general, walls that run parallel to die ridge of the roof are supporting walls. Those that run across Bible ends usually are not, tithe window opening is of more than average width, however, a fairly large header should Inc used even when you are cleating with non-load-bearing walls to provide the stiffness required to prevent cracks in plaster or wallboard, especially at corners.
The dimensions of the window opening should be based on the actual size of the window to be installed, as there is wide variation among the newer types made by different manufacture. If the window affords an attractive view, it should be set low enough not lo block the vision of the room's occupants when they are seated. A sill height of about 30 inches assures this. (Higher sills tend to obstruct your view of lawn or garden. Thanks for reading this page on