Removing A Wall In Your House
by Donna Brown
Walls, floors, and ceilings are all around you! Taken together they are four or five times the floor area of your house or apartment –and they offer plenty of room for improvement. In fact, no surfaces are more important and giving your room their special character then walls, floors, and ceilings.
A stud wall consist, of vertical members called studs attached to the top and bottom to horizontal members called plates. The plates and a wall are attached to the floor and ceiling at corners and where adjacent walls meet. Walls are attached along studs. In most houses the studs and plates are lumber usually two by fours or two by three’s in interior walls, in some newer construction, light weight aluminum studs and plates have replaced wood. The framework of studs may provide space for wiring and outlets, plumbing, duct work and insulation. The main job for the framework is to support a surface of some kind, usually either plaster or wallboard. This surface may in turn be covered by another, such as paneling or tile.
Interior walls are separated into two categories by the function they serve in the structure of the house. Non bearing walls are simply partitions, dividing open space in two rooms, while bearing walls hold up the floor or the floor above. Removing nonbearing walls is somewhat more complicated because the load carrying function of the wall must be replaced by a bean.
Adding walls divides a space, but it can give the sense of expanding living area, especially when the project is to finish an undivided attic or basement. Framing walls gives the basics of wall building under different circumstances one if the may encounter in an ordinary house. Framing an attic is usually a somewhat different from framing on other floors because the walls must join a sloping roof. Framing doorways is almost always the requirement when dividing space to create on new room. Framing with metal studs is an option to consider, and may be required by local building codes for fire protection. Installing wall outlets brings power to new walls. When you are dividing space, you should consider whether the procedures for soundproofing walls will be necessary. There are several options for noise control that are most easily worked into new construction, but these can also be applied too old walls.